The Critical Role of Citizens in Nigeria's Failed Development

Main Article Content

Donatus E. Okon

Abstract

This paper revisited the developmental problems in Nigeria by examining the role of citizens in the country's failed development. Relying on secondary data, the paper embarked on extensive and in-depth review of relevant literatures on Nigeria's developmental problems. It adopted the modernization theory and observed that the major cause of Nigeria's underdevelopment is poor leadership and governance which has resulted in weak economy, poor institutions, dilapidated infrastructural facilities and low quality education. However, unlike previous researches on Nigeria's underdevelopment, the paper argues that bad leadership is not the only obstacle to Nigeria's development that Nigeria's citizens have, in one way or the other, also contributed to the country's developmental failures. It concludes that without the citizens being patriotic to the country; without the citizens holding the leaders accountable for their stewardship and, without the citizens showing genuine interest in the country's development, Nigeria may remain underdeveloped. Accordingly, it identifified, among other things, the need for a change in citizens' orientation and the need for citizens to participate in policy making, both at the input and output stages.

Article Details

How to Cite
E. Okon, D. . (2020). The Critical Role of Citizens in Nigeria’s Failed Development. Ibom Journal of Social Issues, 10(1), 1. Retrieved from https://ijsi.org.ng/index.php/home/article/view/9
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Donatus E. Okon, Department of Sociology and Anthropology,

University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

 

References

Acemoglu, D., Robinson, J. A. (2012). Why nations fail: The origins of power, prosperity, and poverty. New York, NY: Crown.

Achebe, C. (1983). The trouble with Nigeria. London, England: Heinemann.

Adejumobi, S. (2001). Citizenship, Rights, Internal Conflicts and Civil Wars in Africa. African Journal of Political Science, 6(2):77-96.

Afolabi, O. (2016). Migration and citizenship question in Nigeria: A study of the Berom and Hausa/Fulani conflict in Jos. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 10(2); 8-15.

Afolayan, F. O. (2014, November- December). A holistic review of public funding of primary education in Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education, 4(6), 68-74.

Anazodo, R., Uchenna, A. T. and Uche, E. (n.d). Parochial Political Culture: The Bane of Nigeria Development. Review of Public Administration and Management, 1(2).

Baubock, R. (2002). How Migration Transform Citizenship: International, Multinational and Transnational Perspectives. IWE Working Papers Series, No.24, February. Vol. 10, No. 1, September, 2020 Ibom Journal of Social Issues 11

CFCR (2002). Memoranda Submitted to Presidential Committee on Provisions for and Practice of Citizenship and Rights in Nigeria. Lagos: Citizen's Forum for Constitutional Reforms.

Chukwuemeka, E., Ugwuanyi, B. I. and Amobi, D. S. C. (2013). Enhancing Rural Development in Nigeria: Periscoping the Impediments and exploring the Imperative actions. International Journal of Management Sciences and Business Research, 2(7): 55-61.

Dantiye, S. I. (2015, January 2). Strike: Nigerians at the mercy of health workers, doctors.

DailyTrust. http://www.dailytrust.com.ng/daily/index.php/home-front/43427-strike-nigerians-at-the-mercy-of-health-workers-doctors. Retrieved on 14 May, 2020.

Dike, V. E (2015). “Why Nations Fail” to Develop: The Case of Nigeria. SAGE Journals. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/0.1177/2158244015611714. Retrieved on 14 May, 2020

Eme, I. E. (2013). Dependency Theory and Africa's Underdevelopment: A Paradigm Shift from Pseudointellectualism. The Nigerian Perspective. International Journal of African and Asian Studies.

Emejo, J. (2014, November 16). New Oxford Report puts Nigeria's poverty rate at 43.3%. ThisDay. http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/new-oxford-report-puts-nigeria-s-poverty- rate-at-/194168. Retrieved on 14 May, 2020.

Eneh, O. C (2011). Failed Development Vision, Political Leadership and Nigeria's Underdevelopment: A Critique. Asian Journal of Rural Development, (1)1: 63-69.

Gboyega, A. (2003). Democracy and Development: The Imperative of Local Governance. An Inaugural Lecture, University of Ibadan, pp. 6-7.

Idachaba, F. S. (1975). "Rural Sociology and Social Psychology," in Olayide, S. O. et al. (eds.) Elements of Rural Economics. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press.

Igwe, S. C. (2010). How Africa Underdeveloped Africa. Porth Harcourt: Professional Printers and Publishers.

Musawa, H. (2014, December 3). HIV & AIDS: A challenge yet uncompleted. Leadership. http://leadership.ng/columns/392662/hiv-aids-challenge-yet-uncompleted. Retrieved on 14 May, 2020.

News Agency of Nigeria. (2014, October 18). Activities at Lagos Federal Government hospitals stalled as health workers continue strike.http://www.swankpharm.com/2014/11/20/activities-at-lagos-federal-government-hospitals-stalled-as-health-workers-continue-strike-johesustrike. Retrieved on 14 May, 2020.

Noami, O. (1995). Towards an Integrated View of Human Rights. Hunger Teach Net, 6(3): 6-7.

Okereke, O. O. and Ekpe, A. E. (2002). Development and Underdevelopment: Politics of the North-South Divide. Enugu: John Jacob's Classic Publishers Ltd.

Okon, D. E. and Thompson, H. O. (2020). Poverty, Inequality and Underdevelopment in Nigeria: Who is to Blame? International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, 13(2|): 354 - 363.

Rufai, O (2019). Nigeria is a nation stuck in underdevelopment. Stears Business. http://www.stearsng.com/premium. Retrieved on 12 May, 2020. Vol. 10, No. 1, September, 2020 Ibom Journal of Social Issues 12

Smock, D. and Smock, A. (1972). Cultural and Political Aspects of Rural Transformation: A Case Study of Eastern Nigeria. New York: Praeger Publishers. The health workers strike [Editorial]. (2014, November 27). Guardian. http://allafrica.com/stories/201411271006.html. Retrieved on 14 May, 2020. The Nigerian Constitution (1999). Mobile edition.

Tilly, C. (1996). Citizenship, Identity and Social History. International Review of Social History Supplement, 3:1-9.

United Nations Development Programme (2006a). 'Nigeria,' Human Development Report 2006 Human Development Indicators Country Fact Sheets. http://hdr.undp.org.hdr2006/Statistics/Countries/Countryfactsheets/CtyfsNGA.html. Retrieved on 14 December, 2019.

United Nations Development Programme (2006b). MDG Monitor. . http://www.mdgmonitor.org/index.cfm Retrieved on 14 December, 2019.

World Bank and Department for International Development (2005). Country Partnership Strategy for the Federal Republic of Nigeria (2005-2009). Washington DC: World Bank.