MIGRATED SOCIAL STRUCTURES, PREBENDALISM AND INSTABILITY IN PLURAL SOCIETIES: EXPERIENCES IN NIGERIA
Keywords:Trust-Network, Social Structures, Prebendalism, Primordial Public, Instability
Every society desires peace, cohesion, order, fairness, and stability. Without these, there would be no meaningful progress, and development. The quest for social order, in plural societies, therefore depends on the level of stability. Post-colonial African societies today are experiencing varying levels of instabilities which has hindered peace, and security. This paper therefore sought to examine the role of migrated social structures on the prevalence of prebendalism and instability in a plural society. Attempts have been made
to understand the causes of these instabilities. Instabilities in post-colonial Africa resulted from cultural contact with Europeans. The objective of this paper is to examine the effects of migrated social structures on the prebendal behaviour and instabilities in plural societies like Nigeria. The prebendalist theory by Richard (1986) was used to anchor the arguments of this paper. This paper argues that as a way of stemming the growing prebendalism and instability in Nigeria, serious efforts should be made to encourage meritocracy and inclusiveness which would help reduce the incidences of instability occasioned by exclusionism and prebendalism which has led to ethnicity as different nationalities engage in unhealthy competition, rivalry, and lack of trust.
Adewale Y. & Adeoye O. (2019) Nigerian state and the crisis of Governance: A critical exposition.
Ake C. (1981) The political economy of Africa. Print books Andreski, S. (1968) The African predicament: A study in the pathology of Modernization. London, Michael Joseph.
Awolowo, O (1977) The problems of Africa. Cape cost university press Ghana.
Brym R.J (2004) New society. Sociology for the 21st century 4th Canada; Thomson and Helson
Cudd (2002) cited in ‘’identity politics’’ in staford Encyclopaedia of philosophy.
Douglas A. (2005) poison and medicine, ethnicity power and violence in a Nigerian city 1966-1986 Oxford James currency Africa 74(4) 711-713. Do 1: 10.230713556867
Ekeh. P (1975) colonialism and the Two publics In Africa: A theoretical statement, comparative studies in society and history 17(1)91-112
Ekeh. P (1983) colonialism and social structure. An inaugural lecture presented at university of Ibadan 1980.
Fashola B (2009), leadership, Followership, Good Governance and Development in Nigeria. Faculty Distinguished lecture delivered at the University of Ibadan, Faculty of the Social Sciences; university of Ibadan.
Gubin. O (1993) Social Control Versus Social Stability a Conceptionalisation of Contradictory Goals and Hybrid Outcomes of Ethnic Relations, Consumer Satisfactions, Entreprenuership in the Former USSR. In NA-Advances in consumer Researcher vol 20.eds, Leigh Mcalister, and Michael l. Roth Secchild, Proud, in Association of consumer Research.
Herbst (2000), State and Power in Africa Comparative lessons in Authority and control. Princeton; Princeton university press.
Joseph, R (2006) Misgovernance and the African Predicament: Can the Code be Broken? Faculty Distinguished Lecture Series No1: Faculty of the social science university of Ibadan
Kesseman. M (2010), Introduction to Comparative Politics: Political challenges and changins Agended Fifth Edition; Boston: Wadsword.
Levi Strauss. E(1963) Structural Anthropology New York: Basic Books.
Lugard, F (1919), Nigeria Report: Amalgamation of Northern and Southern Nigeria, and Administration, 1912-1919. House of commons parliamentary papers online proquest information and learning company.
Mbalisi, C.N (2017) Challenges of Ethnicity Politics by Identity and Prebendalism to Security and Social Stability in Nigeria 1999-2015: Ujah 18(3) http://de:dol.lorg/10.4314 Ujah vl8i3.4
Onuoha. J.I (2015) Science of society: Introduction to Sociology owerri LUE House of Excellence Ventures
Onuoha, J.I. (2022) Prebendalism, Corruption and Misgovernance in a Fractured Society: Till Death do Us Part in Nigeria. DOI: 10:36108/1.jsi/2202.11.0130. Ibom Journal of Social Issues, 11(1) 21-28.
Osaghae E (2006) colonialism and civil society: the perspective of Ekeh’s Two publics: voluntas: international journal of voluntary and non-profit organisations. Springers 17(3) 233-245 dol:10.1007/s 11266006-90144
Piaget jean (1968) structionalism, New York Basic Books. Richard J (1987) Democracy and Prebendal Politics in Nigeria: the Rise of the Second Republic. Cambridge, cambridge University Press.
Richard J (1998) State, Conflict, and Democracy in Africa. Paperback.
Tilly (2005), Trust and Rule: Cambridge, Cambridge university press
Sofola, J.A (1970), ‘‘Some Aspects of Pre-crisis Inter-ethnic Relations in Nigeria The Yoruba Repatriates Social Relations in the Former Eastern Region’’ in the Nigerian journal of economic and social studies vol12 NO7